Anette Christ Laboratory

FAIR: A clinical Type 2 Diabetes intervention study

Project details

FAIR - Fasting-Induced Immuno-metabolic Remission of Type 2 Diabetes mellitus

Sustained epigenetic reprogramming of innate immune cells in response to pathogens, termed ’trained immunity’ or ’innate immune memory’, beneficially converts cellular functionality to protect from secondary infections. However, inappropriate activation of immunological imprinting mediated by ’trained immunity’ may contribute to reinforced immune responses in inflammatory diseases, such as Type 2 Diabetes mellitus (T2DM), obesity and cardiovascular diseases.

We have previously shown that a hyperlipidemic environment is capable of inducing trained innate immunity and that the immune system misinterprets Western-type diets as a pathogenic threat. Yet, how a sustained Western diet or hyperglycemic-induced innate immune cell reprogramming is reflected in human remains to be elusive.

The FAIR study is designed to prospectively investigate in T2DM patients whether

i. Hyperglycemia alters innate immune cell responsiveness

ii. ...whether this is accompanied by a changed immune cell gene signature

iii. ...whether a potential epigenetic imprinting can be reversed by T2DM remission through formula diet controlled weight management

The public health benefit of this clinical intervention study is in deciphering novel dietary metabolites/ biomarkers being crucially involved in altered innate immune cell responsiveness. The outcomes of this study may provide new therapeutic targets to reduce the development of T2DM linked to excess CVD risk.

FAIR Team from left to right: Jiudan Zhang (PhD student, Charité Berlin), Adriana Geraci (B.Sc. student, RFH Cologne), Kilian Rüther (MD trainee, Charité Berlin), Elena Lalama Jimenez (PhD student, Charité Berlin)

Project-related publications

Project-related funding

EFSD/ Boehringer Ingelheim

European Foundation for the Study of Diabetes/ Boehringer Ingelheim

Project-related scientists

Anette Christ Lab

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